Plant-Fungus Interactions and Remediation Team (IPCR)

Research activity

Specifically, the themes addressed within the IPCR team mobilize complementary approaches in biochemistry and microbial ecology. They also concern the study of obligatory biotrophic fungi and that of lipid metabolism in the context of plant-fungus interactions.

Exploration and exploitation of the biodiversity of saprotrophic soil fungi in the context of biodegradation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) :

Our research concerns the exploitation of the biodiversity of saprotrophic soil fungi in the context of the biodegradation of persistent organic pollutants (POP : PAHs, dioxins). The understanding of the fungal metabolic pathways involved in their degradation (enzymes, transport and incorporation, degradation), the use of natural polysaccharides (modified starches) as solubilizing agents for POPs and the development of innovative methods coupling chemical oxidation (Fenton, etc.) and biological oxidation are under development.

Use of mycorrhizae in phytoremediation of polluted soils and in plant protection. Study of the ecotoxicity of various pollutants (PAHs, dioxins, trace elements and fungicides):

The potential of mycorrhizal symbiosis in terms of phytoremediation (biodegradation, bioaccumulation, etc.) and plant protection against stress induced by various pollutants or phytopathogenic agents are studied, from the laboratory scale to the field scale (oxidative stress, genotoxicity, lipid metabolism). The elucidation of the mechanisms involved calls for cytological, biochemical and molecular approaches.

Study of more sustainable control strategies against wheat pest fungi ; resistance induction :

Two approaches aimed at reducing the use of fungicides on wheat are being conducted: characterization of septoria populations and research into resistance-inducing molecules (Plant Defense Stimulants, SDP) against Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici (oidium) and Mycosphaerella graminicola (septoria). The biological activities and elicitory and potentiating effects of these SDPs, as well as those of endomycorrhizal fungi, are evaluated at cytological, biochemical and molecular levels by their impact mainly on lipid metabolism and reactive oxygen forms.

Team members













RAFIN Catherine


RANDOUX Béatrice


REIGNAULT Philippe          






Scientific collaboration

 Régionals :

  • BioGAP, Institut Charles Viollette – ISA de Lille
  • ProBIOGEM, Institut Charles Viollette –Université de Lille
  • Laboratoire  Génie  Civil  et  géoEnvironnement, Université de Lille

Nationals :

  •  Unité de Recherche Vigne et Vin de Champagne, URCA à Reims
  • UMR Agroécologie, INRA de Dijon
  • Arvalis-Institut du Végétal

 Internationals :

  •  Laboratoire d’Amélioration Génétique des Plantes, Université d’Annaba (Algérie)
  • Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumédiène (USTHB, Algérie)
  • Université de Djelfa
  • Helmholtz Zentrum München – German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Allemagne
  • Laboratory of Phytopathology, Université de Gand (Belgique)
  • Unité de Chimie Biologique Industrielle, Université de Liège (Gembloux Agro Bio Tech) (Belgique)
  • Laboratoire de Mycologie, Université de Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgique)
  • Agriculture et Agroalimentaire (Canada)
  • Institute for Biological Sciences (Canada)
  • Université de Wisconsin-Madison (USA)
  • Crop & Soil Systems Research Group, Scottish Agricultural College (Grande-Bretagne)
  • Faculté d’Agronomie, Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik, université Libanaise (Liban)
  • Université Vasile Alecsandri de Bacau, Roumanie
  • Laboratoire de Génétique et Amélioration des Plantes, INAT de Tunis, Centre National de la Recherche en Agriculture Oasienne (Tunisie)
  • Centre National de la Recherche en Agriculture Oasienne (Tunisie)

Current Thesis

Prénom Nom



Alice Fourquez2015-2018Innovative solutions for wheat health combining biostimulants and plant protection stimulators (SDP) applications
Robin Raveau2017-2020Essential oil production: an eco-innovative sector for the reconversion of historically polluted soils
Nour Raouani2017-2020Novel biosourced molecules and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for the biocontrol of wheat phytopathogens
Arnaud Grignet2017-2020Study of the phytoextraction performance of Zn and Cd from the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri in co-culture with willow
Amandine Ducousso2018-2021Influence of plant-microbes-mycorrhizal fungus interaction on the biological dissolution of phosphates

Research agreement

Internationals Projects

  • 2016-2019 : INTERREG V Project France-Flandres-Wallonie « Project portfolio : SMARTBIOCONTROL.
    • BIOSCREEN project : New biosourced and multifunctional molecules for the control of phytopathogenic agents in crops in the cross-border region.
    • BIOPROTECT project : Biological protection in practice: optimizing the effectiveness in the field of (new) biological pesticides.
  • ARIMNET – Coordination of Agricultural Research in the Mediterranean Area
    2016-2019 : BACPLANTS – Towards a sustainable agriculture by increasing plant tolerance to biotic stress under climatic change.
  • 2018-2020 : CAPES-COFECUB research progam BIOSTIMALG ULCO/Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC Florianόpolis).

Nationals Projects

  • 2017-2021 : ADEME project PHYTEO : « Essential oil production: an eco-innovative sector for the reconversion of historically polluted soils ».
  • 2017-2020ADEME project Extra-Zn  : Production of Zn-enriched biomasses by phytoextraction for ecocatalysis ». INERIS/ULCO.

Regionals Projects

  • 2016 – 2020 : CPER  project « ALIBIOTECH Food and Biotechnology ».
    WP 1. Characterization of the plant’s interaction with its environment
    WP 2. Biological activities of biomolecules and secondary metabolites from plants and/or micro-organisms
  • 2019 – 2020 : A2U project : ULCO/UPJV. Tripartite interaction as an alternative control method against powdery mildew and septoria in wheat, TRIPLET.

Recent publications

  • H. Meglouli, A. Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui, M. Magnin-Robert, B. Tisserant, M. Hijri, J. Fontaine (2018), Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum sources influence bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities’ structures of historically dioxin/furan-contaminated soil but not the pollutant dissipation rate. Mycorrhiza, 28, 635-650. (
  • I. El-Alam, A. Verdin, J. Fontaine, N. Bourdon, S. Fourmentin, R. Chahine, H. Makhlouf, A. Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui (2018), Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of essential oils. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology, 8(2), 12-16. (
  • I. El-Alam, A. Verdin, J. Fontaine, R. Chahine, H. Makhlouf, A. Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui (2018),  Ecotoxicity evaluation and human risk assessment of an agricultural polluted soil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 190:738. (
  • M.E. Ors, B. Randoux, S. Selim, A. Siah, G. Couleaud, G. Maumené, K. Sahmer, P. Halama, PH. Reignault (2018), Cultivar-dependent resistance and associated defense mechanisms in wheat against Zymoseptoria tritici, Plant Pathol., 67,561-572. (
  • I. Delsarte, C. Rafin, F. Mrad, E. Veignie (2018), Lipid metabolism and benzo[a]pyrene degradation by Fusarium solani : an unexplored potential, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 25, 12177-12182. (
  • A. Siah, M. Bomble, B. Tisserant, T. Cadalen, M. Holvoet, J.-L. Hilbert, P. Halama, PH. Reignault (2018), Genetic structure of Zymoseptoria tritici in northern France at region, field, plant and leaf layer scales , Phytopathology, 108(9), 1114-1123. (doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-09-17-0322-R).
  • S. Mejri, A. Siah, C-M Abuhaie, P Halama, M Magnin-Robert, B Randoux, PH. Reignault, B. Rigo, A Ghionet (2018), New salicylic acid and pyroglutamic acid conjugated derivatives confer protection to bread wheat against Zymoseptoria tritici. J Sci. Food Agric. (
  • S. Labidi, S. Firmin, A. Verdin, G. Bidar, F. Laruelle, F. Douay, P. Shirali, J. Fontaine, A. Lounès Hadj Sahraoui (2017), Nature of fly ash amendments differently influences oxidative stress alleviation in four forest tree species and metal trace element phytostabilization in aged contaminated soil: A long-term field experiment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 138 : 190 – 198. (
  • G. Mustafa, N.G. Khong, B. Tisserant, B. Randoux, J. Fontaine, M. Magnin-Robert, PH. Reignault, A. Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui (2017), Defense mechanisms associated with mycorrhiza-induced resistance in wheat against 1 powdery mildew. Funct. Plant Biol., 44 (4), 443-454. (
  • I. Lenoir, J. Fontaine, B. Tisserant, F. Laruelle, A. lounes-Hadj Sahroui. (2017), Beneficial contribution of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Rhizophagus irregularis, in the protection of Medicago truncatula roots against benzo[a]pyrene toxicity. Mycorrhiza, 27, 465-476. (DOI 10.1007/s00572-017-0764-1)
  • L. Somai-Jemmali, B. Randoux, A. Siah, M. Magnin-Robert, P. Halama, PH. Reignault, W. Hamada (2017), Similar infection process and induced defense patterns during compatible interactions between Zymoseptoria tritici and both bread and durum wheat species, Eur. J. Plant Pathol., 147, 787-801. ( DOI 10.1007/s10658-016-1043-2).
  • P. Cheval, A. Siah, M. Bomble, A.D. Popper, PH. Reignault, P. Halama (2017), Evolution of QoI resistance of the wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici in Northern France, Crop Prot., 92, 131-133. (
  • A.-M. Rosu, C.G. Grigoras, C. Rafin, E. Veignie (2017), A green chemical approach of corn starch modification for innovative solutions in adsorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Scientific Study & Research – Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, 18, 97-100.
  • L. Somai-Jemmali, A. Siah, P. Halama, K. Harbaoui, S. Fargaoui, B. Randoux, M. Magnin-Robert, PH. Reignault, W. Hamada (2017), Correlation of fungal penetration, CWDE activities and defense-related genes with resistance of durum wheat cultivars to Zymoseptoria tritici. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol., 100, 117-125. (
  • S. Mejri, A. Siah, F. Coutte, M. Magnin-Robert, B. Randoux, B. Tisserant, F. Krier, P. Jacques, PH. Reignault, P. Halama (online 2017), Biocontrol of the wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici using cyclic lipopeptides from Bacillus subtilis. Environ. Sci. Pollut., 2018, vol 25, Issue 30, 29822-29833. (doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9241-9)